• Document: A PROFILE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN MOHAIR MARKET VALUE CHAIN
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A PROFILE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN MOHAIR MARKET VALUE CHAIN 2016 Directorate Marketing Tel: 012 319 8455 Private Bag X 15 Fax: 012 319 8131 Arcadia E-mail:MogalaM@daff.gov.za 0007 www.daff.gov.za 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY. 3 2. PRODUCTION OF MOHAIR 4 3. MARKET STRUCTURE 5 3.1 Domestic market and prices 5 5. MAJOR EXPORT MARKETS FOR SOUTH AFRICAN MOHAIR (2012) 6 6. EXPORTS VOLUMES 7 7. SHARE ANALYSIS 12 8. IMPORTS VOLUMES 13 9. MOHAIR VALUE CHAIN 16 10. BARRIERS TO PARTICIPATION BY THE EMERGING SECTOR 17 11. BLACK ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT INITIATIVES 17 11.1 Representation within the Empowerment Trust 17 12. MARKET ACCESS 18 12.1 Export tariffs for mohair 18 12.2 Import tariffs for mohair 19 13. MARKET INTELLIGENCE 21 14. COMPETITIVENESS OF SOUTH AFRICA’S MOHAIR IMPORT 27 15. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 33 2 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS The Hardwood Training Farm, located in Jansenville runs a three year certificate programme that trains youth in the area to farm with Angora goats. The curriculum also includes training on the basic running, management and financial implications of a farm. The students are assigned a mentor for the duration of their time spent at Hardwood. The mentor is a retired Angora goat farmer and member of the South African Mohair Growers Association. Once the students have graduated, it is the responsibility of the Department of Rural Development and Land Affairs to provide the graduates with land and other donors to provide Angora goats to farm with, with continued mentorship from the Industry. The farm has seen its first 5 students graduate. The graduates, of which three are men and two are women, have recently received their 5550 hectare farm, called “Uitkomst”, situated 33km north of Jansenville. Accompanied by a mentor for their first three years, the students will be farming with both Angora goats and Marino sheep. The mohair training initiative is a collaboration between local authorities, the Ikwezi Municipality, the Department of Agriculture and the mohair industry. The project plays an instrumental role in the development and upliftment of rural communities in the Eastern Cape, equipping individuals with the skills and knowledge to participate in one of South Africa’s most successful industries. The next five students moved into Hardwood this past September for their three year training period. 1. DESCRIPTION OF THE INDUSTRY. The Eastern Cape is South Africa’s largest producer of mohair, contributing about two thirds of the country’s produce. Cacadu is the province’s, and therefore the country’s, largest district producer of mohair with approximately 52% of the market share. To further develop the mohair industry in the district, Mohair South Africa has implemented various skills development projects within the District to develop the farming of Angora goats as well as the further beneficiation of mohair. Angora goats are kept primarily for mohair production. Mohair is made of strong elastic fibres that form a fabric which is easily dyed, mainly used in the textile industry and is especially suitable for apparel, knitwear, curtaining, upholstery material, socks, shawls and accessories. November is a beautiful time of the year in the Karoo with many goats with kids and fleeces in full growth. Angora goats were introduced in South Africa by Colonel John Henderson from Turkey with a consignment of twelve rams and one ewe in 1838. The rams were rendered infertile before leaving Turkey, but that happily the ewe was pregnant and gave birth to a healthy ram kid during the voyage. Although several further importations of Turkish stock were made up to 1896, the above-mentioned ewe and her kid formed the foundation of the Angora goat and mohair industry in South Africa. Mohair growing has taken root and developed in this country. The flocks of these "smiling" goats have become a regular feature of the countryside, especially in the arid Karoo areas and south eastern Free State. The expertise of South African farmers had improved the breed and especially the quality of the hair, so that it now far surpasses the original, still to be found in regions that form modern Turkey (Momentos). Today mohair is grown in several countries, mainly arid areas like The Western USA (Texas, Arizona and New Mexico), Lesotho and small quantities in Australia. Surprisingly some mohair is now grown in G

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