• Document: The Urban Regeneration of Historic Cairo Towards a Management Plan for Conservation and Regeneration The UNESCO technical assistance project
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The Urban Regeneration of Historic Cairo Towards a Management Plan for Conservation and Regeneration The UNESCO technical assistance project Daniele Pini Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara (Italy) Scientific Coordinator of the UNESCO Urban Regeneration of Historic Cairo Project April 26, 2012 World Bank Headquarters, Washington, DC UNESCO WHC - Urban Regeneration Project for Historic Cairo Support the Egyptian authorities to: • Outline a conservation and rehabilitation strategy based on a clear definition of the WH site and its buffer zone to preserve and enhance the heritage values and regenerate the physical and socio-economic environment • Establish a management system for the WH site with the contribution of all the concerned local administrations, based on a new and more effective institutional set-up and legal framework • Create an appropriate and shared information platform for urban conservation. • Launch public awareness raising initiatives to promote and disseminate information about Historic Cairo The UNDP rehabilitation strategy (1997) and its implementation The conservation projects carried out under the supervision of SCA since the late ‘90s (Historic Cairo Project). The UNDP rehabilitation strategy (1997) and its implementation Conservation projects carried out under the supervision of SCA since the late ‘90s (Historic Cairo Project). Current urban rehabilitation projects (SCA) Current urban rehabilitation projects - El Mu’izz Street Current urban rehabilitation interventions - El Mu’izz Street Current urban rehabilitation interventions - El Mu’izz Street Current urban rehabilitation projects - Gamaleya Street Current urban rehabilitation projects - Gamaleya Street Al Azhar Park and Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation An integrated project of urban regeneration, funded by the Agha Khan Trust • The creation of the park on a former large waste disposal mound, as an opportunity for heritage preservation, environmental improvement, social enhancement, local development; • The restoration of the city walls as a complement of the park, and an opportunity to create new connections with Derb El Ahmar; • The regeneration of Derb El Ahmar as an opportunity to improve housing conditions and develop new activities linked to the conservation and rehabilitation interventions Al Azhar Park and Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation The Al Azhar Park The Al Azhar Park and the Medieval Wall restoration The Medieval Wall restoration and the Derb rehabilitation The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation The monuments restoration The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation Housing rehabilitation The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation Cultural and training facilities The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation Public spaces rehabilitation The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation The Derb Al Ahmar rehabilitation … after January 2011 Historic Cairo WH site: the conservation issues Important achievements in monuments restoration but … • Lack of specific protection measures for the historic fabric: widespread renovation plot by plot • Decrees of demolition and street realignment: abandon of old non listed buildings • Total lack of control on building activities (after January 2011): diffusion of illegal high rise renovation and new building interventions • Overall and progressive decay of liveability and environmental conditions (poor housing, lack of infrastructures and services, uncontrolled waste disposals …) • Urgent need to rehabilitate and revitalise different derelict sections of the historic city Historic Cairo WH site: the conservation issues Housing renovation with street realignment and housing dilapidation (decrees of demolition) Historic Cairo WH site: the conservation issues Definition of the Historic Cairo WH site and its Buffer Zones • Revise the Statement of the O.U.V. and the limits of the WH site Core Area and its Buffer Zone • Identify Conservation Zones within the Core Areas, based on the assessment of the heritage value of the urban fabric, and establish some basic protection measures The “official” delimitation of the WH site by the S.C.A. (2007) Definition of the Historic Cairo WH site and its Buffer Zones The initial “delimitation” of the WH site (1979) and the ongoing interventions in the so called “buffer zone” Definition of the Historic Cairo WH site and its Buffer Zones The «Ar

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