• Document: People and Peace, not Profits and War
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  • Uploaded: 2019-03-24 07:57:29
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Background Shirley Chisholm (1924–2005) was born in New York City but spent her early years living with her maternal grandmother in Barbados. Committed to education and social justice, Chisholm began her career as a teacher, later becoming the first African American congresswoman, representing New York from 1969–1983. In 1972, despite what she termed “hopeless odds,” she became the first African American woman to run for the office of U.S. President. Although unsuccessful in her presidential bid, she served seven terms in Congress, during which time she was a vocal opponent of social injustice, the draft, and the Vietnam War. She gave the following speech on March 26, 1969, to the House of Representatives. People and Peace, not Profits and War Speech by Shirley Chisholm 1. As you read lines 1–24, begin to collect and cite text evidence. t Circle the person being addressed at the beginning of the speech. t Underline the argument Chisholm makes against defense spending in lines 5–8. t Circle the loaded language Chisholm uses to describe the weapons in lines 5–8. In the margin, explain what she wants her listeners to understand. M r. Speaker, on the same day President Nixon announced he had decided the United States will not be safe unless we start to build a defense ª)PVHIUPO.JGGMJO)BSDPVSU1VCMJTIJOH$PNQBOZt*NBHF$SFEJUTª"SUWJMMF(FUUZ*NBHFT system against missiles, the Head Start1 program in the District of Columbia was cut back for the lack of money. As a teacher, and as a woman, I do not think I will ever understand what kind of values can be involved in spending $9 billion—and more, I am sure— 1IPUPCZ%PO)PHBO$IBSMFT/FX:PSL5JNFT$P(FUUZ*NBHFT on elaborate, unnecessary, and impractical weapons when several thousand disadvantaged children in the nation’s capital get nothing. When the new administration took office, I was one of the many 10 Americans who hoped it would mean that our country would benefit from the fresh perspectives, the new ideas, the different priorities of a leader who had no perspectives: part in the mistakes of the past. Mr. N

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