• Document: Music, masculinity, and tradition: a musical ethnography of Dagbamba warriors in Tamale, Ghana
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Boston University OpenBU http://open.bu.edu Theses & Dissertations Boston University Theses & Dissertations 2016 Music, masculinity, and tradition: a musical ethnography of Dagbamba warriors in Tamale, Ghana Haas, Karl Joseph https://hdl.handle.net/2144/17739 Boston University BOSTON UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES Dissertation MUSIC, MASCULINITY, AND TRADITION: A MUSICAL ETHNOGRAPHY OF DAGBAMBA WARRIORS IN TAMALE, GHANA by KARL J. HAAS B.M.E., Montana State University, 2000 M.M., The Boston Conservatory, 2002 M.A., Tufts University, 2007 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 2016 © 2016 KARL JOSEPH HAAS All rights reserved Approved by First Reader ________________________________________________________ Marié Abe, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Music Second Reader ________________________________________________________ Brita Heimarck, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Music Third Reader ________________________________________________________ David Locke, Ph.D. Professor of Music Tufts University, Department of Music   DEDICATION For Amy, Lucy, and Greta.   iv   ACKNOWLEDGMENTS As my good friend Fatawu is fond of saying, “If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.” Thanks are due to the sapashinima of Kakpagyili, Tamale, most especially Mba Buaru Alhassan Tia, Wulana Adam Baakɔ, and Kambon- naa Sheru. My friends and research assistants of many years Fuseini Suloɣukongbo Abdul-Fatawu, Saeed Alhassan Dawuni have been indispensible to the success of this project. The late Kasul Lun-naa Alhaji Abubakari Wumbei Lunna and his family also provided me with invaluable advice, information, and points of entry into their culture. I am also grateful to the late Zo Simli Naa Susan Herlin, Wyatt MacGaffey, Simli Lun-Naa Yakubu, and the staff at Zo Simli Naa palace for their kindness and hospitality. I would also like to thank my advisor, Marié Abe, and readers Brita Heimarck and David Locke. Prof. Locke has been a part of the project since 2006 and his support has been instrumental in getting my research to this point. Parker Shipton, Michael Birenbaum Quintero, and Victor Coelho have also provided feedback and professional mentorship, for which I am grateful. The research on which this dissertation is based was supported by the Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad Fellowship, the West African Research Association Pre-doctoral Fellowship, Boston University Graduate Research Abroad Fellowship, and a Tufts University Graduate Scholarship. I also benefited from affiliations with the University for Development Studies in Tamale and the Institute for African Studies at the University of Ghana, Legon.   v   Of course, none of the research or writing could have been possible without the continuing love, support, and understanding of my wife Amy and children Lucy and Greta, who have all sacrificed so much for my work.   vi   MUSIC, MASCULINITY, AND TRADITION: A MUSICAL ETHNOGRAPHY OF THE DAGBAMBA WARRIORS IN TAMALE, GHANA KARL J. HAAS Boston University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, 2016 Major Professor: Marié Abe, Assistant Professor of Music ABSTRACT Chronic unemployment and decreased agricultural production over the last two decades have left an increasing number of men throughout Ghana’s historically under- developed North unable to meet the financial and moral expectations traditionally associated with masculinity. Paralleling the liberalization of Ghana’s political economy over this period, this “crisis of masculinity” has resulted in unprecedented transformations in traditional kinship structures, patriarchy, and channels for the transmission of traditional practices in Dagbamba communities. Driven by anxieties over these changes, Dagbamba “tradition” is being promoted as a prescription for problems stemming from poverty, environmental degradation, and political conflict, placing music and dance at the center of this discourse. Music, Masculinity, and Tradition, investigates the mobilization of traditional music as a site for the restoration of masculinity within the D

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