• Document: UGBS 105 Introduction to Public Administration
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UGBS 105 Introduction to Public Administration Session 6–The Public Administration System in Ghana: Part 1 Lecturer: Dr. Daniel Appiah, UGBS Contact Information: dappiah@ug.edu.gh College of Education School of Continuing and Distance Education 2014/2015 – 2016/2017 Session 6 The Public Administration System in Ghana: Part 1 Dr. Daniel Appiah, UGBS Learning Objectives At the end of the session, you should understand: The historical development of the Public Administration system in Ghana The organizational structure of Ghana’s colonial and post- colonial public administration system The relationship between the key components of the system: The Executive, Legislature, and the Civil Service The relationship between Chieftaincy administration and Public Administration in Ghana Dr. Daniel Appiah, UGBS Pre-Colonial System of Public Administration in Ghana (Gold Coast): Before 1821  Public Administration was •On 7 May 1821, Britain passed a law to create Chieftaincy Administration colonial territories of rule in Ghana (then known as Gold Coast) •Before Britain colonised Ghana, there existed many traditional states (or Native States) recognised by European Merchants and governments as sovereign states •The Native people of the Gold Coast were governed by their political heads generally called Chiefs •The political system of rule by Chiefs in Native States is generally called Chieftaincy administration •Paramount Chiefs of Native States had Executive, Legislative and Judiciary authority of Public Administration Dr. Daniel Appiah, UGBS British Colonial State Formation: The Failure of Unitary State Formation?: 1821-1956 When Britain declared colonial rule over Ghana in 1821, Earl Henry Bathurst, British Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, explained the consequence of the new policy to Sir Charles McCarthy the newly appointed Governor: “The consequence will be that many local regulations and customs which have long prevailed in those forts will be altogether superseded and repealed: and you will find it necessary to make some general notifications to the inhabitants, in order to guard them against being implicated in any illegal proceeding by continuing to adhere to ancient usages, which may now be inconsistent with the law.” (Letter of Earl Bathurst to Sir Charles McCarthy19 September, 1821) Sir Charles McCarthy tried to use military force to create a new unitary colonial state, but he was killed during a war with the powerful Asante State in 1824. The British Government withdrew from the Gold Coast and handed over the administration of its possessions to a British Company of Merchants led by ‘Governor’ Captain George MaClean Dr. Daniel Appiah, UGBS British Colonial State Formation: The Formation of a Traditional-Federal State?: 1831-1956 • Political Negotiations with Native States: The initial failure of the British military approach to create a peaceful, stable and commercially profitable colonial state made Captain George MaClean to use political negotiation with the Chiefs to establish a political system of Governance that would accommodate the interests of the British Merchants as well as the sovereign authority of Chiefs over their Native States • 1831 MaClean Peace Treaty: In 1831 Captain MaClean reached a political settlement with the Native States to established what could be loosely referred to as a Traditional-Federal colonial State • The Bond of 1844: Following MaCleans successful leadership and profitable commerce in the Gold Coast, Britain restored colonial rule to the Gold Coast in 1843; and, in 1844 the new Governor and Native Chiefs re-affirmed the 1831 MaClean Peace Treaty Dr. Daniel Appiah, UGBS The 1831 MaClean Peace Treaty: Nucleus of Ghana’s Traditional-Federal State The content of the 1831 MaClean Peace Treaty is reproduced below: i. “The King of Asante has renounced for himself, his heirs and successors forever, all and every right to collect tribute (as a token of dependency) from any of the native states in alliance with Great Britain; and that he do acknowledge all of these states to be free and independent.” ii.“The parties will engage in ‘free commerce’ and ‘lawful commerce’ and shall ensure ‘perfec

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