• Document: MULTIPLE CHOICE: Lifespan Development Quiz. Page 1 of 11
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Lifespan Development Quiz MULTIPLE CHOICE: _____ 1. A major cognitive advance made during the sensorimotor stage is the ability to A. think abstractly and creatively. B. solve simple problems using mental representation. C. understand that the self is distinct from other people and objects. D. make mental representations of objects that are not physically present. E. know that changes in appearance do not mean that the object itself changes. _____ 2. A newborn duckling will imprint with A. always the mother duck. B. The first thing the duck sees. C. either the mother or the father duck. D. the first moving animal the duck sees. E. the first creature that provides food. _____ 3. According to Erikson, ego-integrity A. occurs when reaching the highest level of moral reasoning. B. occurs during the formation of formal operational thought. C. is the integrated identity achieved following puberty. D. is looking back on one's life without regrets. E. is having a successful marriage with well-adjusted children. _____ 4. According to Erikson, the identity crisis is experienced A. in early adulthood. B. during adolescence. C. when we reach puberty. D. when we are three to six years of age. E. while the person is a spouse, a parent, and an employee. _____ 5. According to Kohlberg's findings, the highest stage of moral reasoning is evident when an individual acts in order to A. gain acceptance and avoid disapproval. B. follow rules and avoid penalties. C. achieve justice and avoid self-condemnation. D. promote the welfare of her society. E. achieve rewards and avoid punishments. _____ 6. According to Piaget, the two basic processes at work in cognitive growth are A. overregularization and object permanence. B. schemes and motor skills. C. assimilation and accommodation. D. egocentrism and centration. E. competence and inferiority. Page 1 of 11 Lifespan Development Quiz _____ 7. Adolescence is characterized by Piaget's A. sensorimotor stage. B. formal operational stage. C. preoperational stage. D. concrete operational stage. E. postconventional level. _____ 8. Alcohol and nicotine are among the most common what? A. placentas. B. morphemes. C. zygotes. D. schemes. E. teratogens. _____ 9. Andre says that his G.I. Joe is hungry because of the concept of A. centration. B. animistic thinking. C. assimilation. D. accommodation. E. egocentrism. _____ 10. Assimilation occurs when people A. believe that objects exist even if we can't see them at that moment. B. add increasingly more symbolic representations of outer reality. C. update or change existing schemes as a result of new information. D. modify new information to fit into what is already known. E. forget information that has not been accessed recently. _____ 11. At birth, an infant ___________. A. would be considered legally blind. B. can only hear very high pitched sounds. C. can roll over, but not sit up or crawl. D. will recognize only its mother. E. is good at perceiving small objects. _____ 12. Because Jade has not mastered object permanence, she believes that A. all grown-up men are fathers. B. two small pieces of pizza are better than one large piece. C. everyone is thinking about her. D. the hidden doll no longer exists. E. rain occurs when the clouds are sad. Page 2 of 11 Lifespan Development Quiz _____ 13. Daryl believes that there is more Silly Putty when it is in a ball shape than when John makes it into a big 'pancake,' because Daryl has A. learned object permanence. B. not mastered conservation. C. demonstrated egocentrism. D. animistic thinking. E. formal operational thought. _____ 14. Dr. Thomas believes that development occurs in stages. We can say that Dr. Thomas _________. A. assumes the habituation perspective. B. supports the interactionist theory. C. believes in the process of cumulative action. D. feels that behavior is mainly determined by nature. E. endorses the discontinuity view. _____ 15. What is it called when older individuals maintain only the most important social contacts? A. demographic friendship B. social differentiation C. postformal thought D. generativity E. selective social interaction _____ 16. During the formal operational stage, thinking becomes A. egocentric. B. animistic. C. abstract. D. habituated. E. impulsive. _____ 17. Four-year-old Bonnie wants to pick out and put on her clothes without any assistance from her mother. According to Erikson, Bonnie is in which stage? A. concrete operational B. trust vs. mistrust C. initiative vs. guilt D. intimacy vs. isolation E. competence vs. inferiority _____ 18. Harlow's famous attachment studies involved A. pigeons. B. rats. C. monkeys. D. humans. E. rabbits. Page 3 of 11 Lifespan Development Quiz _____ 19. In Order, what are the three stages a human goes through while in the womb? A. differentiation, implantation, and strengthening. B. embryo, zygote, and fetus. C. placenta, umbilical, and embryonic. D. embryonic, placenta, and umbilical. E. zygote, em

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